Lacerta viridis / Eastern Green Lizard

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    Lacerta trilineata / Balkan Green Lizard

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    Timon lepidus / Ocellated Lizard

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    Timon nevadensis / Sierra Nevada Ocellated Lizard

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  • Subsp. viridis, male: RO / Nera Gorge, 31.05.2013

    The distribution area of Lacerta viridis ranges over the Balkan Peninsula (south to Central Greece) and the Danube river system to the European Black Sea Coast. In Turkey, it continues along the Black Sea Coast. Some isolated populations exist in Eastern Germany. In northern Italy, this species is replaced by Lacerta bilineata (see distribution map at Lacerta bilineata). This species lives in similar habitats like Lacerta bilineata: open areas with some vergetation – but in some areas, we also found these lizards inside of forests (e.g. in Romania). Besides of the nominate subspecies, the following subspecies are currently recognized:

    Lacerta viridis guentherpetersi lives in mountains in Central Greece (Ossa) and on Evia. It differs from the nominate subspecies by the fact, that also males have greenish but no blue throats.

    Lacerta viridis meridionalis is mainly a Turkish subspecies. It shows a characteristic colouration: the back part of the body and the tail is brown instead of green. Formerly, the populations from Eastern Greece and the Bulgarian and Romanian Black Sea Coast were also referred to this subspecies as they look similar. Genetic analysis however revealed, that the Bulgarian and Romanian specimens are just a colour morphe of the nominate subspecies (maybe an adaption to sparse and dry habitats). “Real” Lacerta viridis meridionalis seem to occur only at a few spots in Thrace and on Chalkidiki.

    Furthermore, the Adriatic coast from Pindos in the south to Friaul / Italy in the north is populated by genetic lineages which differ substantially from Lacerta viridis. Maybe they should be recognized as an additional species beneath Lacerta viridis and Lacerta bilineata. As so far, no taxonomic consequences have been drawn from this, those lineages are referred to “Adria Clade” on these pages.

  • Subsp. viridis, male: RO / Orsova, 30.05.2013

  • Subsp. viridis, female: RO / Orsova, 29.05.2013

  • Subsp. viridis, juvenile: RO / Orsova, 30.05.2013

  • Subsp. guentherpetersi, male: GR / Evia, 02.06.2012 - This subspecies has no blue throat and is more robust than the nominate subspecies.

  • Subsp. meridionalis, male: GR / Chalkidiki, 16.06.2009 - In Romania and Bulgaria, specimens of the „meridionalis“ phenotype – brown back parts of body and tail – occur frequently. Anyhow, in Europe subspecies meridionalis in a genetic sense occurs only at a few spots in eastern Greece.

     

  • "Adria Clade", male: GR / Corfu, 03.06.2017

  • "Adria Clade", female: MNE / Mrtvica, 04.07.2015

  • "Adria Clade", female: GR / Smolikas, 12.06.2009